Public Limited Companies (PLCs)

There are special rules for PLCs, which include:

  • A public limited company must be registered with a name which ends in the words "public limited company" or the letters "PLC".
  • A PLC must have an issued share capital of at least £50,000, of which at least 25% of the nominal value and the whole of any share premium must be paid up when the company is registered
  • A PLC must have at least two directors
  • A PLC must have at least two shareholders
  • A PLC must have a company secretary
  • In most cases, the accounts of a PLC must be audited.

Only a PLC may offer shares or other securities to the public, and a company must be a PLC to be listed on the Stock Exchange or Alternative Investment Market (AIM). Some aspects of the Companies Acts apply a stricter regime to such companies.

The registration of a PLC is a two stage process. The first stage is similar to registering a private company limited by shares, but the company must apply for a second certificate (usually called a "trading certificate") when it makes a return to Companies House stating that the company has raised its initial share capital. Check that you have all the required information and register your PLC on-line now.

Many PLCs are not registered from scratch but are converted from existing private companies. Company Law Solutions offers this re-registration service.

Company registered office and compliance service from £18 per month